Language is an important aspect of our lives. In
As I have mentioned earlier, that English language have been used in
While doing my sociolinguistics course in
Mother tongue or first language is perhaps the most favorite thing for any person. The question of language has resulted into many conflicts and discontentment. The prime example of such discontentment is the Language Movement of 1952 in
Today, the world has become a global village. Thanks to the advancement of communication system and technology. Every country is dependent on others for trade and commerce, education, politics etc. As a result, we have to constantly communicate with other countries and speakers of other languages. Third world countries like
The title of my research is "Status of English in
A second language is any language other than the first, or native, language learned; it is typically used because of geographical or social reasons. The term is to be distinguished from foreign language; linguist Eric Lenneberg uses second language in his critical period hypothesis to mean a language consciously learned or used by its speaker after puberty. In most cases, people never achieve the same level of fluency and comprehension in their second languages as in their first language.
Latin was used so much across
Nowadays, English is considered the world's most widespread second language; it is used in areas as diverse as the internet, television and radio, and international aviation.
The success of English throughout the world stems from two major causes: the far reaching influence of the British Empire, and the 20th century (and continuing) dominance of the
French was for a time the lingua franca in
If we look at the definition of second language then we can easily say that English is the second language of
A foreign language is a language not spoken by the indigenous people of a certain place: for example, English is a foreign language in
Some children learn more than one language from birth or from a very young age: they are bilingual. These children can be said to have two mother tongues: neither language is foreign to that child, even if one language is a foreign language for the vast majority of people in the child's birth country. For example, a child learning English from her English mother in
From the above definition, it is seen that foreign language refers to a language that is not native to a person. From this point of view English can be considered as a foreign language in
An official language is something that is given a unique status in the countries, states, and other territories. It is typically the language used in a nation's legislative bodies, though the law in many nations requires that government documents be produced in other languages as well.
Officially recognized minority languages are often mistaken for official languages. However, a language officially recognized by a state, taught in schools, and used in official communication is not necessarily an official language. For example, Ladin and Sardinian in
Half of the countries in the world have official languages. Some have only one official language, such as
In some countries, such as
The official languages of some former colonies, typically French or English, are not the national languages or the most widely spoken language.
In contrast, as a consequence of nationalism, Irish is the "national language" of the
In some countries, the issue of which language is to be used in what context is a major political issue.(Source-Wikipedia)
From the above definition, it is seen that the notion of official language is complicated. According to our constitution English can not be termed as the official language of
About the language of the country the Bangladeshi constitution clearly states:
"The state language.
The state language of the Republic is [Bangla]."
In the constitution nothing is mentioned about the status of English. English is not mentioned as a second language or official language. So if we take the status of English in our constitution then we cannot claim that English is a Second language or Official Language in
English in Law court in
English in Education sector in
Formal and institutionalized education system started in
Actually there are three kinds of education systems in our country- Bangla medium, English medium, and Madrasa system. Bangla medium schools can be divided into two sections- government schools, and kindergarten schools. In the kindergarten schools more emphasis is given on English language than government schools. Some of the famous kindergarten schools of Dhaka are
So we can clearly see that the difference in education system in
From the above discussion it is clear that in our general education system, English has, equal if not, more importance than Bangla. In our education system, English is really the second language as all the students have to study it as a compulsory subject for twelve years.
English and Administration:
During the language movement, the people of
English in Economic activities:
The economy of
Comparison of English with Arabic, Sanskrit, and Pali in
Arabic, Sanskrit and Pali are the religious languages of Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists respectively. Even the uneducated people try to learn these languages as they are considered to be holy. If we compare the learning of English with these languages then we can see that English is given more importance. For example, the tuition fee of a English coaching center is much higher than that of an Arabic coaching centre. English private tutors get 4-5 times more money than Arabic private tutors (Huzur). So although Arabic has religious sentiment attached to it, English is considered to be more important as it has economic benefit.
Comparison of English foreign languages like French, German, and Farsi:
French and German have become very popular for economic reasons in our country. Learning these languages help us to increase our possibility to get jobs in various international organizations. Learning French is also helpful for getting immigration to
From the above picture it is clear that the status of English is much higher than foreign languages like German, French, and Persian. We can not deny the reality that if a person is good at English then he can earn money in any part of
There is no doubt that English is the second language of
The same picture is there about educational sector. Many Bangladeshi students want to go to developed countries like
So, I recommend to the government of
1. Dr. Musa, Monsur. BHASHACINTA PROSONGO O PORIDHI.
2. Dr. Musa, Monsur. BANGLADESHER RASHTRABHASHA.
3. Dr. Musa, Monsur. BHASHA PORIKOLPONAR SHOMAJ
4. Dr. Musa, Monsur. BANGLA PARIBHASHA: ITIHAS O SAMASYA.