A recent study conducted by the agricultural ministry’s Phub Dem, and Nicholas Minot of the International food policy research institute (IFPRI), concluded that in order to gain self-sufficiency in rice production, the people of
The study looks into the potential of agricultural trade of
The study mainly used the example of rice consumption in
This may seem like a good reason for rice import but the study also said that importing crops would hurt local farmers.
Due to agricultural trading, many Bhutanese farmers are getting into producing export crops causing food insecurity by reducing domestic food production. The study disagreed with this argument saying that though land use for growing export crops is expanding but the effect is still negligible.
The study revealed that 4.9 percent of the cropped area in
Regarding the volatility of world food market, the study said that by becoming self-sufficient the volatility does not go away rather it replaces the volatility from the world market to the domestic market. Self-sufficiency is not the only solution to solve the problem of price volatility.